On July 10, 2013, the Second Circuit, applying the Supreme Court’s ruling in Hoffman Plastics, denied back pay to undocumented bakery workers who were terminated for participating in protected labor activities.  The Court rejected the argument that the matter should be distinguished from Hoffman Plastics since the petitioners committed no fraud in obtaining employment.  Unlike

To avoid potential conflict, the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) and the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) concerning their respective civil worksite enforcement activities. Under the March 31, 2011, MOU, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agreed that, unless determined necessary by the Director of ICE