With news of record-breaking immigration enforcement results and the new Employment Compliance Inspection Center, pressure on employers regarding Form I-9 compliance may seem unrelenting. However, a recently published decision by the Office of the Chief Administrative Hearing Officer appears to give employers greater negotiating power, a glimmer of good news.
The Office of the Chief Administrative Hearing Officer has jurisdiction over cases involving allegations of knowingly hiring, recruiting or referring for a fee or continued employment of unauthorized aliens, and failure to comply with employment verification requirement (completion of Form I-9), in violation of section 274A of the INA (Immigration and Nationality Act). If an investigation by ICE (Immigration and Customs Enforcement) results in a finding of a violation of section 274A, ICE may issue a Notice of Intent to Fine (NIF) to the employer. The NIF details the violations and the fines for those violations. The employer must either pay the fine or request a hearing.
USA v. Snack Attack Deli, Inc., 10 OCAHO no. 1137, arose from an ICE inspection conducted in early 2009 on Snack Attack Deli, a Subway franchisee located in Fayetteville, North Carolina. ICE alleged that Snack Attack had committed 108 violations of section 274A. In Count 1, the agency alleged that Snack Attack hired 11 named individuals from 2006 through February 2009 and failed to ensure that those individuals properly completed section 1 of form I-9 or failed itself to properly complete section 2 or section 3 of the form. Count II alleged that Snack Attack hired 97 named individuals between 2006 and February 2009 for whom it failed to prepare forms I-9 at all.
ICE sought $1,028.50 for each violation, a total fine of $111,078.00. These fines were close to the maximum that ICE could have assessed under the law. Furthermore, a fine of that size would have crippled Snack Attack’s business and likely lead to the loss of jobs for some of its employees. None of the violations involved allegations of knowingly hiring or employing unauthorized aliens. The entire fine was based on Snack Attack’s alleged failure to comply with employment verification requirements by improperly completing or failing to complete Form I-9.
While the administrative law judge (ALJ) granted the agency’s motion for summary judgment as to liability, the ALJ found the fines were disproportionate to the size of the business and that ICE did not properly consider the fact that Snack Attack had no unauthorized workers and no previous violations. Furthermore, the ALJ took into consideration non-statutory factors “such as the depressed economy and the difficulty any displaced employee would have in finding other work.” Therefore, instead of $1,028.50 per violation, the ALJ reduced the fine to $300 for each violation of Count 1 and $250 for each violation of Count II, a total fine of $27,150.00.
This decision is useful for employers facing potential fines from ICE investigations – especially as economic depression and high unemployment continue.